This is the official manual for the latest Org-mode release.

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15.6 Summary of in-buffer settings

In-buffer settings start with ‘#+’, followed by a keyword, a colon, and then a word for each setting. Org accepts multiple settings on the same line. Org also accepts multiple lines for a keyword. This manual describes these settings throughout. A summary follows here.

C-c C-c activates any changes to the in-buffer settings. Closing and reopening the Org file in Emacs also activates the changes.

#+ARCHIVE: %s_done::
Sets the archive location of the agenda file. This location applies to the lines until the next ‘#+ARCHIVE’ line, if any, in the Org file. The first archive location in the Org file also applies to any entries before it. The corresponding variable is org-archive-location.
Sets the category of the agenda file, which applies to the entire document.
#+COLUMNS: %25ITEM ...
Sets the default format for columns view. Org uses this format for column views where there is no COLUMNS property.
#+CONSTANTS: name1=value1 ...
Set file-local values for constants that table formulas can use. This line sets the local variable org-table-formula-constants-local. The global version of this variable is org-table-formula-constants.
#+FILETAGS: :tag1:tag2:tag3:
Set tags that all entries in the file will inherit from here, including the top-level entries.
#+LINK: linkword replace
Each line specifies one abbreviation for one link. Use multiple #+LINK: lines for more, see Link abbreviations. The corresponding variable is org-link-abbrev-alist.
#+PRIORITIES: highest lowest default
This line sets the limits and the default for the priorities. All three must be either letters A–Z or numbers 0–9. The highest priority must have a lower ASCII number than the lowest priority.
#+PROPERTY: Property_Name Value
This line sets a default inheritance value for entries in the current buffer, most useful for specifying the allowed values of a property.
The setup file is for additional in-buffer settings. Org loads this file and parses it for any settings in it only when Org opens the main file. C-c C-c on the settings line will also parse and load. Org also parses and loads the file during normal exporting process. Org parses the contents of this file as if it was included in the buffer. It can be another Org file. To visit the file, C-c ' while the cursor is on the line with the file name.
Startup options Org uses when first visiting a file.

The first set of options deals with the initial visibility of the outline tree. The corresponding variable for global default settings is org-startup-folded with a default value of t, which is the same as overview.

          overview         top-level headlines only
          content          all headlines
          showall          no folding of any entries
          showeverything   show even drawer contents

Dynamic virtual indentation is controlled by the variable org-startup-indented

          indent     start with org-indent-mode turned on
          noindent   start with org-indent-mode turned off

Aligns tables consistently upon visiting a file; useful for restoring narrowed table columns. The corresponding variable is org-startup-align-all-tables with nil as default value.

          align      align all tables
          noalign    don't align tables on startup

Whether Org should automatically display inline images. The corresponding variable is org-startup-with-inline-images, with a default value nil to avoid delays when visiting a file.

          inlineimages   show inline images
          noinlineimages don't show inline images on startup

Whether Org should automatically convert LaTeX fragments to images. The variable org-startup-with-latex-preview, which controls this setting, is set to nil by default to avoid startup delays.

          latexpreview   preview LaTeX fragments
          nolatexpreview don't preview LaTeX fragments

Logging the closing and reopening of TODO items and clock intervals can be configured using these options (see variables org-log-done, org-log-note-clock-out and org-log-repeat)

          logdone             record a timestamp when an item is marked DONE
          lognotedone         record timestamp and a note when DONE
          nologdone           don't record when items are marked DONE
          logrepeat           record a time when reinstating a repeating item
          lognoterepeat       record a note when reinstating a repeating item
          nologrepeat         do not record when reinstating repeating item
          lognoteclock-out    record a note when clocking out
          nolognoteclock-out  don't record a note when clocking out
          logreschedule       record a timestamp when scheduling time changes
          lognotereschedule   record a note when scheduling time changes
          nologreschedule     do not record when a scheduling date changes
          logredeadline       record a timestamp when deadline changes
          lognoteredeadline   record a note when deadline changes
          nologredeadline     do not record when a deadline date changes
          logrefile           record a timestamp when refiling
          lognoterefile       record a note when refiling
          nologrefile         do not record when refiling
          logdrawer           store log into drawer
          nologdrawer         store log outside of drawer
          logstatesreversed   reverse the order of states notes
          nologstatesreversed do not reverse the order of states notes

These options hide leading stars in outline headings, and indent outlines. The corresponding variables are org-hide-leading-stars and org-odd-levels-only, both with a default setting of nil (meaning showstars and oddeven).

          hidestars  hide all stars on the headline except one.
          showstars  show all stars on the headline
          indent     virtual indents according to the outline level
          noindent   no virtual indents
          odd        show odd outline levels only (1,3,...)
          oddeven    show all outline levels

To turn on custom format overlays over timestamps (variables org-put-time-stamp-overlays and org-time-stamp-overlay-formats), use

          customtime overlay custom time format

The following options influence the table spreadsheet (variable constants-unit-system).

          constcgs   constants.el should use the c-g-s unit system
          constSI    constants.el should use the SI unit system

For footnote settings, use the following keywords. The corresponding variables are org-footnote-define-inline, org-footnote-auto-label, and org-footnote-auto-adjust.

          fninline    define footnotes inline
          fnnoinline  define footnotes in separate section
          fnlocal     define footnotes near first reference, but not inline
          fnprompt    prompt for footnote labels
          fnauto      create [fn:1]-like labels automatically (default)
          fnconfirm   offer automatic label for editing or confirmation
          fnplain     create [1]-like labels automatically
          fnadjust    automatically renumber and sort footnotes
          nofnadjust  do not renumber and sort automatically

To hide blocks on startup, use these keywords. The corresponding variable is org-hide-block-startup.

          hideblocks   Hide all begin/end blocks on startup
          nohideblocks Do not hide blocks on startup

The display of entities as UTF-8 characters is governed by the variable org-pretty-entities and the keywords

          entitiespretty  Show entities as UTF-8 characters where possible
          entitiesplain   Leave entities plain

#+TAGS: TAG1(c1) TAG2(c2)
These lines specify valid tags for this file. Org accepts multiple tags lines. Tags could correspond to the fast tag selection keys. The corresponding variable is org-tag-alist.
This line is for formulas for the table directly above. A table can have multiple ‘#+TBLFM:’ lines. On table recalculation, Org applies only the first ‘#+TBLFM:’ line. For details see Using multiple #+TBLFM lines in Editing and debugging formulas.
These lines provide settings for exporting files. For more details see Export settings.
These lines set the TODO keywords and their significance to the current file. The corresponding variable is org-todo-keywords.