This is the official manual for the latest Org-mode release.
Table of Contents
2.5 Structure editing
- M-<RET> (
Insert a new heading, item or row.
If the command is used at the beginning of a line, and if there is
a heading or a plain list item (see Plain lists) at point, the new
heading/item is created before the current line. When used at the
beginning of a regular line of text, turn that line into a heading.
When this command is used in the middle of a line, the line is split and the
rest of the line becomes the new item or headline. If you do not want the
line to be split, customize
Calling the command with a C-u prefix unconditionally inserts a new
heading at the end of the current subtree, thus preserving its contents.
With a double C-u C-u prefix, the new heading is created at the end of
the parent subtree instead.
- C-<RET> (
Insert a new heading at the end of the current subtree.
- M-S-<RET> (
Insert new TODO entry with same level as current heading. See also the
- C-S-<RET> (
Insert new TODO entry with same level as current heading. Like
C-<RET>, the new headline will be inserted after the current
- <TAB> (
In a new entry with no text yet, the first <TAB> demotes the entry to
become a child of the previous one. The next <TAB> makes it a parent,
and so on, all the way to top level. Yet another <TAB>, and you are back
to the initial level.
- M-<left> (
Promote current heading by one level.
- M-<right> (
Demote current heading by one level.
- M-S-<left> (
Promote the current subtree by one level.
- M-S-<right> (
Demote the current subtree by one level.
- M-S-<up> (
Move subtree up (swap with previous subtree of same
- M-S-<down> (
Move subtree down (swap with next subtree of same level).
- M-h (
Mark the element at point. Hitting repeatedly will mark subsequent elements
of the one just marked. E.g., hitting <M-h> on a paragraph will mark it,
hitting <M-h> immediately again will mark the next one.
- C-c @ (
Mark the subtree at point. Hitting repeatedly will mark subsequent subtrees
of the same level than the marked subtree.
- C-c C-x C-w (
Kill subtree, i.e., remove it from buffer but save in kill ring.
With a numeric prefix argument N, kill N sequential subtrees.
- C-c C-x M-w (
Copy subtree to kill ring. With a numeric prefix argument N, copy the N
- C-c C-x C-y (
Yank subtree from kill ring. This does modify the level of the subtree to
make sure the tree fits in nicely at the yank position. The yank level can
also be specified with a numeric prefix argument, or by yanking after a
headline marker like ‘****’.
- C-y (
Depending on the options
org-yank-folded-subtrees, Org's internal
yank command will
paste subtrees folded and in a clever way, using the same command as C-c
C-x C-y. With the default settings, no level adjustment will take place,
but the yanked tree will be folded unless doing so would swallow text
previously visible. Any prefix argument to this command will force a normal
yank to be executed, with the prefix passed along. A good way to
force a normal yank is C-u C-y. If you use
yank-pop after a
yank, it will yank previous kill items plainly, without adjustment and
- C-c C-x c (
Clone a subtree by making a number of sibling copies of it. You will be
prompted for the number of copies to make, and you can also specify if any
timestamps in the entry should be shifted. This can be useful, for example,
to create a number of tasks related to a series of lectures to prepare. For
more details, see the docstring of the command
- C-c C-w (
Refile entry or region to a different location. See Refile and copy.
- C-c ^ (
Sort same-level entries. When there is an active region, all entries in the
region will be sorted. Otherwise the children of the current headline are
sorted. The command prompts for the sorting method, which can be
alphabetically, numerically, by time (first timestamp with active preferred,
creation time, scheduled time, deadline time), by priority, by TODO keyword
(in the sequence the keywords have been defined in the setup) or by the value
of a property. Reverse sorting is possible as well. You can also supply
your own function to extract the sorting key. With a C-u prefix,
sorting will be case-sensitive.
- C-x n s (
Narrow buffer to current subtree.
- C-x n b (
Narrow buffer to current block.
- C-x n w (
Widen buffer to remove narrowing.
- C-c * (
Turn a normal line or plain list item into a headline (so that it becomes a
subheading at its location). Also turn a headline into a normal line by
removing the stars. If there is an active region, turn all lines in the
region into headlines. If the first line in the region was an item, turn
only the item lines into headlines. Finally, if the first line is a
headline, remove the stars from all headlines in the region.
When there is an active region (Transient Mark mode), promotion and
demotion work on all headlines in the region. To select a region of
headlines, it is best to place both point and mark at the beginning of a
line, mark at the beginning of the first headline, and point at the line
just after the last headline to change. Note that when the cursor is
inside a table (see Tables), the Meta-Cursor keys have different