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11.2 Images and Tables

For Org mode tables, the lines before the first horizontal separator line will become table header lines. You can use the following lines somewhere before the table to assign a caption and a label for cross references, and in the text you can refer to the object with [[tab:basic-data]]:

#+CAPTION: This is the caption for the next table (or link)
#+NAME:   tbl:basic-data
   | ... | ...|

Some backends allow you to directly include images into the exported document. Org does this, if a link to an image files does not have a description part, for example [[./img/a.jpg]]. If you wish to define a caption for the image and maybe a label for internal cross references, you sure that the link is on a line by itself precede it with:

#+CAPTION: This is the caption for the next figure link (or table)
#+NAME:   fig:SED-HR4049

The same caption mechanism applies to other structures than images and tables (e.g., LaTeX equations, source code blocks), provided the chosen export back-end supports them.