You can edit individual formulas in the minibuffer or directly in the field.
Org can also prepare a special buffer with all active formulas of a table.
When offering a formula for editing, Org converts references to the standard
D&) if possible. If you prefer to only work
with the internal format (like
$4), configure the
Edit the formula associated with the current column/field in the minibuffer. See Column formulas, and Field and range formulas.
Re-insert the active formula (either a field formula, or a column formula) into the current field, so that you can edit it directly in the field. The advantage over editing in the minibuffer is that you can use the command C-c ?.
While editing a formula in a table field, highlight the field(s) referenced by the reference at the cursor position in the formula.
Toggle the display of row and column numbers for a table, using overlays
org-table-toggle-coordinate-overlays). These are updated each
time the table is aligned; you can force it with C-c C-c.
Toggle the formula debugger on and off
org-table-toggle-formula-debugger). See below.
Edit all formulas for the current table in a special buffer, where the formulas will be displayed one per line. If the current field has an active formula, the cursor in the formula editor will mark it. While inside the special buffer, Org will automatically highlight any field or range reference at the cursor position. You may edit, remove and add formulas, and use the following commands:
Exit the formula editor and store the modified formulas. With C-u prefix, also apply the new formulas to the entire table.
Exit the formula editor without installing changes.
Toggle all references in the formula editor between standard (like
B3) and internal (like
Pretty-print or indent Lisp formula at point. When in a line containing a Lisp formula, format the formula according to Emacs Lisp rules. Another TAB collapses the formula back again. In the open formula, TAB re-indents just like in Emacs Lisp mode.
Complete Lisp symbols, just like in Emacs Lisp mode.27
Shift the reference at point. For example, if the reference is
B3 and you press S-RIGHT, it will become
This also works for relative references and for hline references.
Move the test line for column formulas in the Org buffer up and down.
Scroll the window displaying the table.
Turn the coordinate grid in the table on and off.
Making a table field blank does not remove the formula associated with
the field, because that is stored in a different line (the
line)—during the next recalculation the field will be filled again.
To remove a formula from a field, you have to give an empty reply when
prompted for the formula, or to edit the
You may edit the
#+TBLFM directly and re-apply the changed
equations with C-c C-c in that line or with the normal
recalculation commands in the table.
You may apply the formula temporarily. This is useful when you
switch the formula. Place multiple
#+TBLFM lines right
after the table, and then press C-c C-c on the formula to
apply. Here is an example:
| x | y | |---+---| | 1 | | | 2 | | #+TBLFM: $2=$1*1 #+TBLFM: $2=$1*2
Pressing C-c C-c in the line of ‘#+TBLFM: $2=$1*2’ yields:
| x | y | |---+---| | 1 | 2 | | 2 | 4 | #+TBLFM: $2=$1*1 #+TBLFM: $2=$1*2
Note: If you recalculate this table (with C-u C-c *, for example), you
will get the following result of applying only the first
| x | y | |---+---| | 1 | 1 | | 2 | 2 | #+TBLFM: $2=$1*1 #+TBLFM: $2=$1*2
When the evaluation of a formula leads to an error, the field content
becomes the string ‘#ERROR’. If you would like see what is going
on during variable substitution and calculation in order to find a bug,
turn on formula debugging in the
Tbl menu and repeat the
calculation, for example by pressing C-u C-u C-c = RET in a
field. Detailed information will be displayed.
Many desktops intercept M-TAB to switch windows. Use C-M-i or ESC TAB instead for completion (see Completion).