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9.1.3.2 Template expansion

In the template itself, special “%-escapes”86 allow dynamic insertion of content. The templates are expanded in the order given here:

%[FILE]

Insert the contents of the file given by FILE.

%(EXP)

Evaluate Elisp expression EXP and replace it with the result. The EXP form must return a string. Only placeholders pre-existing within the template, or introduced with ‘%[file]’, are expanded this way. Since this happens after expanding non-interactive “%-escapes”, those can be used to fill the expression.

%<FORMAT>

The result of format-time-string on the FORMAT specification.

%t

Timestamp, date only.

%T

Timestamp, with date and time.

%u’, ‘%U

Like ‘%t’, ‘%T’ above, but inactive timestamps.

%i

Initial content, the region when capture is called while the region is active. If there is text before ‘%i’ on the same line, such as indentation, and ‘%i’ is not inside a ‘%(exp)’ form, that prefix is added before every line in the inserted text.

%a

Annotation, normally the link created with org-store-link.

%A

Like ‘%a’, but prompt for the description part.

%l

Like ‘%a’, but only insert the literal link.

%c

Current kill ring head.

%x

Content of the X clipboard.

%k

Title of the currently clocked task.

%K

Link to the currently clocked task.

%n

User name (taken from user-full-name).

%f

File visited by current buffer when org-capture was called.

%F

Full path of the file or directory visited by current buffer.

%:keyword

Specific information for certain link types, see below.

%^g

Prompt for tags, with completion on tags in target file.

%^G

Prompt for tags, with completion all tags in all agenda files.

%^t

Like ‘%t’, but prompt for date. Similarly ‘%^T’, ‘%^u’, ‘%^U’. You may define a prompt like ‘%^{Birthday}t’.

%^C

Interactive selection of which kill or clip to use.

%^L

Like ‘%^C’, but insert as link.

%^{PROP}p

Prompt the user for a value for property PROP.

%^{PROMPT}

Prompt the user for a string and replace this sequence with it. You may specify a default value and a completion table with ‘%^{prompt|default|completion2|completion3...}’. The arrow keys access a prompt-specific history.

%\N

Insert the text entered at the Nth ‘%^{PROMPT}’, where N is a number, starting from 1.

%?

After completing the template, position point here.

For specific link types, the following keywords are defined87:

Link typeAvailable keywords
bbdb%:name’, ‘%:company
irc%:server’, ‘%:port’, ‘%:nick
mh, rmail%:type’, ‘%:subject’, ‘%:message-id
%:from’, ‘%:fromname’, ‘%:fromaddress
%:to’, ‘%:toname’, ‘%:toaddress
%:date’ (message date header field)
%:date-timestamp’ (date as active timestamp)
%:date-timestamp-inactive’ (date as inactive timestamp)
%:fromto’ (either “to NAME” or “from NAME”)88
gnus%:group’, for messages also all email fields
w3, w3m%:url
info%:file’, ‘%:node
calendar%:date
org-protocol%:link’, ‘%:description’, ‘%:annotation

Footnotes

(86)

If you need one of these sequences literally, escape the ‘%’ with a backslash.

(87)

If you define your own link types (see Adding Hyperlink Types), any property you store with org-store-link-props can be accessed in capture templates in a similar way.

(88)

This is always the other, not the user. See the variable org-from-is-user-regexp.


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