This is the official manual for the latest Org-mode release.

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12.10.6 Images in LaTeX export

Images that are linked to without a description part in the link, like ‘[[file:img.jpg]]’ or ‘[[./img.jpg]]’ will be inserted into the PDF output file resulting from LaTeX processing. Org will use an \includegraphics macro to insert the image1.

You can specify image width or height with, respectively, :width and :height attributes. It is also possible to add any other option with the :options attribute, as shown in the following example:

     #+ATTR_LATEX: :width 5cm :options angle=90
     [[./img/sed-hr4049.pdf]]

If you need a specific command for the caption, use :caption attribute. It will override standard #+CAPTION value, if any.

     #+ATTR_LATEX: :caption \bicaption{HeadingA}{HeadingB}
     [[./img/sed-hr4049.pdf]]

If you have specified a caption as described in Images and tables, the picture will be wrapped into a figure environment and thus become a floating element. You can also ask Org to export an image as a float without specifying caption by setting the :float attribute. You may also set it to:

To modify the placement option of any floating environment, set the placement attribute.
     #+ATTR_LATEX: :float wrap :width 0.38\textwidth :placement {r}{0.4\textwidth}
     [[./img/hst.png]]

Images are centered by default. However, one can disable this behavior by setting :center attribute to nil. To prevent any image from being centered throughout a document, set org-latex-images-centered instead.

Eventually, if the :comment-include attribute is set to a non-nil value, the LaTeX \includegraphics macro will be commented out.


Footnotes

[1] In the case of TikZ (http://sourceforge.net/projects/pgf/) images, it will become an \input macro wrapped within a tikzpicture environment.