This is the official manual for the latest Org-mode release.

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12.10.6 Images in LaTeX export

The LaTeX export back-end processes image links in Org files that do not have descriptions, such as these links ‘[[file:img.jpg]]’ or ‘[[./img.jpg]]’, as direct image insertions in the final PDF output. In the PDF, they are no longer links but actual images embedded on the page. The LaTeX export back-end uses \includegraphics macro to insert the image. But for TikZ1 images, the back-end uses an \input macro wrapped within a tikzpicture environment.

For specifying image :width, :height, and other :options, use this syntax:

     #+ATTR_LATEX: :width 5cm :options angle=90

For custom commands for captions, use the :caption attribute. It will override the default #+CAPTION value:

     #+ATTR_LATEX: :caption \bicaption{HeadingA}{HeadingB}

When captions follow the method as described in Images and tables, the LaTeX export back-end wraps the picture in a floating figure environment. To float an image without specifying a caption, set the :float attribute to one of the following:

Use the placement attribute to modify a floating environment's placement.
     #+ATTR_LATEX: :float wrap :width 0.38\textwidth :placement
     {r}{0.4\textwidth} [[./img/hst.png]]

The LaTeX export back-end centers all images by default. Setting :center attribute to nil disables centering. To disable centering globally, set org-latex-images-centered to t.

Set the :comment-include attribute to non-nil value for the LaTeX export back-end to comment out the \includegraphics macro.