A large part of Org mode’s interoperability success is its ability to easily export to or import from external applications. The iCalendar export back-end takes calendar data from Org files and exports to the standard iCalendar format.
The iCalendar export back-end can also incorporate TODO entries based
on the configuration of the
The back-end exports plain timestamps as ‘VEVENT’, TODO items as
‘VTODO’, and also create events from deadlines that are in non-TODO
items. The back-end uses the deadlines and scheduling dates in Org
TODO items for setting the start and due dates for the iCalendar TODO
entry. Consult the
org-icalendar-use-scheduled variables for more details.
For tags on the headline, the iCalendar export back-end makes them
into iCalendar categories. To tweak the inheritance of tags and TODO
states, configure the variable
org-icalendar-categories. To assign
clock alarms based on time, configure the
The iCalendar format standard requires globally unique identifier—or
UID—for each entry. The iCalendar export back-end creates UIDs
during export. To save a copy of the UID in the Org file set the
org-icalendar-store-UID. The back-end looks for the ‘ID’
property of the entry for re-using the same UID for subsequent
Since a single Org entry can result in multiple iCalendar entries—timestamp, deadline, scheduled item, or TODO item—Org adds prefixes to the UID, depending on which part of the Org entry triggered the creation of the iCalendar entry. Prefixing ensures UIDs remains unique, yet enable synchronization programs trace the connections.
Create iCalendar entries from the current Org buffer and store them in the same directory, using a file extension ‘.ics’.
Create iCalendar entries from Org files in
store in a separate iCalendar file for each Org file.
Create a combined iCalendar file from Org files in
org-agenda-files and write it to
org-icalendar-combined-agenda-file file name.
The iCalendar export back-end includes ‘SUMMARY’, ‘DESCRIPTION’,
‘LOCATION’, ‘TIMEZONE’ and ‘CLASS’ properties from the Org entries
when exporting. To force the back-end to inherit the ‘LOCATION’,
‘TIMEZONE’ and ‘CLASS’ properties, configure the
When Org entries do not have ‘SUMMARY’, ‘DESCRIPTION’, ‘LOCATION’ and
‘CLASS’ properties, the iCalendar export back-end derives the summary
from the headline, and derives the description from the body of the
Org item. The
org-icalendar-include-body variable limits the
maximum number of characters of the content are turned into its
The ‘TIMEZONE’ property can be used to specify a per-entry time zone, and is applied to any entry with timestamp information. Time zones should be specified as per the IANA time zone database format, e.g., ‘Asia/Almaty’. Alternately, the property value can be ‘UTC’, to force UTC time for this entry only.
The ‘CLASS’ property can be used to specify a per-entry visibility class or access restrictions, and is applied to any entry with class information. The iCalendar standard defines three visibility classes:
The entry is publicly visible (this is the default).
Only a limited group of clients get access to the event.
The entry can be retrieved only by its owner.
The server should treat unknown class properties the same as ‘PRIVATE’.
Exporting to iCalendar format depends in large part on the capabilities of the destination application. Some are more lenient than others. Consult the Org mode FAQ for advice on specific applications.